Uganda’s Current Policies and Regulations on Antimicrobial Stewardship for Human Health, Animal Health, and Agriculture
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a significant public health challenge that is increasingly killing people globally. The USAID MTaPS Program is supporting the implementation of Uganda’s National Action Plan on AMR 2018, based on the Global Action Plan for AMR containment and other global frameworks such as the World Health Organization’s Joint External Evaluation (JEE-2) and International Health Regulations (IHR). In collaboration with the Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries and the Ministry of Health, MTaPS supported the assessment of antimicrobial stewardship policies, activities, regulatory frameworks, and supply chain management for antimicrobials in Uganda between February and December 2021. The report identifies existing policies, legislation, and regulations on antimicrobial use; identifies gaps; and makes recommendations to improve the use of antibiotics in humans, crops, fish, and animals with the overall goal of reducing the further emergence and spread of antimicrobial resistance (AMR).